Uttarakhand continues to face serious wildlife human-conflict year after year. Man-animal conflict turns worse during winter months and the highest number of these incidents involve leopards attacking humans. Forest predominant Uttarakhand has a population of over 2,000 leopards as per the last estimation. Shrinking habitat, rising population and adaptable behaviour of leopard has made this animal come into direct conflict with humans. Since the creation of the state of Uttarakhand in the year 2000, on an average 40 people have been losing their lives to wild animal attacks of which about half are only due to leopards.
Despite a lot of efforts Uttarakhand Forest Department often finds itself helpless in containing these rising conflict incidents. Leave apart hilly areas of the state, even the capital Dehradun, which is most populous region of the state, is suffering from leopard menace. Leopard sightings have become very common in village areas of Dehradun and forest authorities have been finding it very difficult to track these marauding leopards.
Forest department is working on the idea of increasing prey base in the forest areas so as to limit leopards into forests. State forest department is developing water holes in the forest areas and is ensuring proper feed for herbivorous animals which are the main wild prey-base of the leopards inside forests by habitat improvement. Swift action through well-equipped rescue teams to deal with problems animals is another important strategy to minimise the damage to human lives.
It is important to maintain a comprehensive database for all incidences of human wildlife conflicts so that the problem can be properly analysed thereby helping in developing a proper strategy to find efficient mitigation measures to deal with the problem. This computerised online database is an important step in this direction.
Loss of Habitat
Decline in Prey
Injured or Old Animal
Growing Human Population
Loss of Human Life
Injuries to People
Injuries to Wildlife
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